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Adding improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder did not improve social affect after 5 months.

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Mike J Crawford 1,*, Christian Gold 2, Helen Odell-Miller 3, Lavanya Thana 1, Sarah Faber 3, Jörg Assmus 2, Łucja Bieleninik 2, Monika Geretsegger 2, Claire Grant 4, Anna Maratos 4, Stephan Sandford 5, Amy Claringbold 1, Helen McConachie 6, Morag Maskey 7, Karin Antonia Mössler 2, Paul Ramchandani 1, Angela Hassiotis 8

1 Centre for Psychiatry, Imperial College London, London, UK
2 The Grieg Academy Music Therapy Research Centre, Uni Research Health, Bergen, Norway
3 Music for Health Research Centre, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK
4 Central and North West London NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
5 Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
6 Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
7 Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
8 Division of Psychiatry, University College London, London, UK
* Corresponding author Email:

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