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Women who smoke beyond early pregnancy can find quitting very difficult, and smoking cessation interventions need to consider the interplay between the individual, interpersonal and environmental aspects of women's lives

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Linda Bauld, Hilary Graham, Lesley Sinclair, Kate Flemming, Felix Naughton, Allison Ford, Jennifer McKell, Dorothy McCaughan, Sarah Hopewell, Kathryn Angus, Douglas Eadie & David Tappin.

Linda Bauld 1,2, Hilary Graham 3, Lesley Sinclair 1,2,*, Kate Flemming 3, Felix Naughton 4,5, Allison Ford 1,2, Jennifer McKell 1,2, Dorothy McCaughan 3, Sarah Hopewell 5, Kathryn Angus 1,2, Douglas Eadie 1,2, David Tappin 6

1 Institute for Social Marketing, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK
2 UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK
3 Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK
4 School of Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
5 Behavioural Science Group, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
6 Child Health, School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
* Corresponding author Email:

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