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Adwoa Parker 1, Catherine Arundel 1, Laura Clark 1, Elizabeth Coleman 1, Laura Doherty 1, Catherine Elizabeth Hewitt 1, David Beard 2, Peter Bower 3, Cindy Cooper 4, Lucy Culliford 5, Declan Devane 6,7, Richard Emsley 8, Sandra Eldridge 9, Sandra Galvin 6,7, Katie Gillies 10, Alan Montgomery 11, Christopher J Sutton 12, Shaun Treweek 10, David J Torgerson 1,*

1 York Trials Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK
2 Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology, and Musculoskeletal Science, NIHR Biomedical Research Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
3 National Institute for Health Research School for Primary Care Research, Centre for Primary Care and Health Services Research, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
4 School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
5 Bristol Trials Centre, Clinical Trials and Evaluation Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol, UK
6 School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Galway, Galway, Republic of Ireland
7 Health Research Board-Trials Methodology Research Network, Galway, Republic of Ireland
8 Department of Biostatistics and Health Informatics, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King’s College London, London, UK
9 Institute of Population Health Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK
10 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Foresthill, UK
11 University of Nottingham, Nottingham Clinical Trials Unit, University Park Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, UK
12 School of Health Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
* Corresponding author Email:

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