Journals Library

An error has occurred in processing the XML document

An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again.

Page not found (404)

Sorry - the page you requested could not be found.

Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website search above to find the information you need.

{{metadata.Title}}

{{metadata.Headline}}

{{author}}{{author}}{{($index < metadata.AuthorsAndEtalArray.length-1) ? ',' : '.'}}

An error has occurred in processing the XML document

An error has occurred in processing the XML document

{{metadata.Journal}} Volume: {{metadata.Volume}}, Issue:{{metadata.Issue}}, Published in {{metadata.PublicationDate | date:'MMMM yyyy'}}

https://dx.doi.org/{{metadata.DOI}}

Citation: {{author}}{{ (($index < metadata.AuthorsArray.length-1) && ($index <=6)) ? ', ' : '' }}{{(metadata.AuthorsArray.length <= 6) ? '.' : '' }} {{(metadata.AuthorsArray.length > 6) ? 'et al.' : ''}} {{metadata.Title}}. {{metadata.JournalShortName}} {{metadata.PublicationDate | date:'yyyy'}};{{metadata.Volume}}({{metadata.Issue}})

You might also be interested in:
{{classification.Category.Concept}}

Report Content

The full text of this issue is available as a PDF document from the Toolkit section on this page.

The full text of this issue is available as a PDF document from the Toolkit section on this page.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

This review was commissioned because of the increasing doubt about the ability of existing screening programmes (mainly the health visitor distraction test (HVDT) at 7-8 months) to identify children with congenital hearing impairment, and technological advances which have made neonatal hearing screening an alternative option.

OBJECTIVES

To review the available literature on the screening of permanent childhood hearing impairment. To provide commissioners and providers of health care with information about how to deliver a more uniform service, better outcomes, and more cost-effective screening. To identify areas for further research and service development.

HOW THE RESEARCH WAS CONDUCTED

The research involved a review of the available published and unpublished literature, and a comprehensive survey of current pre-school hearing screening provision in the UK coupled with a health economics study of hearing screening costs. The research also included a number of focus groups and visits to key centres in the UK and North America.

RESEARCH FINDINGS

EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PERMANENT CHILDHOOD HEARING IMPAIRMENT: There are approximately 840 children a year born in the UK with significant permanent hearing impairment likely to affect their own and their family's quality of life. Present services will miss about 400 of these children by 1 1/2 years of age, and about 200 of these children by 3 1/2 years of age. Such late identification of hearing impairment greatly reduces the responsiveness of the services for individual children.

EVIDENCE FOR IMPROVED OUTCOMES WITH EARLIER IDENTIFICATION

Hearing-impaired children identified late are at risk of substantial delay in their acquisition of language and communication skills, with consequent longer-term risk to education achievement, mental health and quality of life. Theoretical arguments on neural development support the limited evidence here for the increased benefit for child and family associated with very early identification. In general, parents and professionals want very early identification, which, if implemented properly, does not cause undue anxiety.

CURRENT UK PRACTICE

The survey of current practice indicated a major problem with poor information systems. This problem was further highlighted as a major concern by the multi-disciplinary focus groups. Practice varies. There are two District-wide programmes in which all newborn babies are neonatally screened, a large number of ad hoc programmes for neonatal screening of 'at-risk' babies, a variety of early surveillance programmes, and widespread use of the HVDT. Intervention and habilitation for the majority of those screened neonatally is routinely undertaken within 6 months of birth. For those screened only by the health visitor, identification was on average at about 26 months of age with intervention at about 32 months on average. (ABSTRACT TRUNCATED)

Abstract

BACKGROUND

This review was commissioned because of the increasing doubt about the ability of existing screening programmes (mainly the health visitor distraction test (HVDT) at 7-8 months) to identify children with congenital hearing impairment, and technological advances which have made neonatal hearing screening an alternative option.

OBJECTIVES

To review the available literature on the screening of permanent childhood hearing impairment. To provide commissioners and providers of health care with information about how to deliver a more uniform service, better outcomes, and more cost-effective screening. To identify areas for further research and service development.

HOW THE RESEARCH WAS CONDUCTED

The research involved a review of the available published and unpublished literature, and a comprehensive survey of current pre-school hearing screening provision in the UK coupled with a health economics study of hearing screening costs. The research also included a number of focus groups and visits to key centres in the UK and North America.

RESEARCH FINDINGS

EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PERMANENT CHILDHOOD HEARING IMPAIRMENT: There are approximately 840 children a year born in the UK with significant permanent hearing impairment likely to affect their own and their family's quality of life. Present services will miss about 400 of these children by 1 1/2 years of age, and about 200 of these children by 3 1/2 years of age. Such late identification of hearing impairment greatly reduces the responsiveness of the services for individual children.

EVIDENCE FOR IMPROVED OUTCOMES WITH EARLIER IDENTIFICATION

Hearing-impaired children identified late are at risk of substantial delay in their acquisition of language and communication skills, with consequent longer-term risk to education achievement, mental health and quality of life. Theoretical arguments on neural development support the limited evidence here for the increased benefit for child and family associated with very early identification. In general, parents and professionals want very early identification, which, if implemented properly, does not cause undue anxiety.

CURRENT UK PRACTICE

The survey of current practice indicated a major problem with poor information systems. This problem was further highlighted as a major concern by the multi-disciplinary focus groups. Practice varies. There are two District-wide programmes in which all newborn babies are neonatally screened, a large number of ad hoc programmes for neonatal screening of 'at-risk' babies, a variety of early surveillance programmes, and widespread use of the HVDT. Intervention and habilitation for the majority of those screened neonatally is routinely undertaken within 6 months of birth. For those screened only by the health visitor, identification was on average at about 26 months of age with intervention at about 32 months on average. (ABSTRACT TRUNCATED)

If you would like to receive a notification when this project publishes in the NIHR Journals Library, please submit your email address below.

 

Responses to this report

 

No responses have been published.

If you would like to submit a response to this publication, please do so using the form below.

Comments submitted to the NIHR Journals Library are electronic letters to the editor. They enable our readers to debate issues raised in research reports published in the Journals Library. We aim to post within 2 working days all responses that contribute substantially to the topic investigated, as determined by the Editors.

Your name and affiliations will be published with your comment.

Once published, you will not have the right to remove or edit your response. The Editors may add, remove, or edit comments at their absolute discretion.

By submitting your response, you are stating that you agree to the terms & conditions